Rent increase guideline

The rent increase guideline for 2023 is 2.5%.

The guideline is the maximum a landlord can increase most tenants’ rent during a year without the approval of the Landlord and Tenant Board.

 

For most tenants, your rent can’t go up by more than the rent increase guideline for every year.

The guideline applies to most private residential rental units covered by the Residential Tenancies Act, 2006. This applies to most tenants, such as those living in:

rented houses, apartments, basement apartments and condos (see exceptions for newly occupied units)

care homes

mobile homes

land lease communities

The guideline does not apply to certain types of units including:

vacant residential units

community housing units

long-term care homes

commercial properties

Social housing is covered by the Residential Tenancies Act, but has different rules regarding rent control and rent increase notices.


  • Exceptions

In some cases, landlords can apply to the Landlord and Tenant Board for approval to raise your rent (PDF) by more than the rent increase guideline.

In care homes (such as a retirement home), the rent increase guideline only applies to the rent portion of your bill but does not apply to the cost of services like nursing, food or cleaning.

New buildings, additions to existing buildings and most new basement apartments that are occupied for the first time for residential purposes after November 15, 2018 are exempt from rent control.


How we calculate the guideline

It is calculated using the Ontario Consumer Price Index, a Statistics Canada tool that measures inflation and economic conditions over a year. Data from June to May is used to determine the guideline for the following year.

The rent increase guideline is capped at 2.5% to prevent significant rent increases.

A sample calculation of a rent increase

Your monthly rent is $1,000 when you sign a lease on June 1, 2022. The guideline for 2023 is 2.5%. Therefore:

an increase of 2.5% on $1,000 = $25.00

$1,000 + $25.00 = $1,025.00

Your landlord could lawfully increase your rent payment 12 months later, on June 1, 2023 up to $1,025.00 per month.

Your landlord would need to provide you written notice at least 90 days before June 1, 2023.

Previous rent increase guidelines

The chart below illustrates yearly rent increases, in Ontario, from 1991 to 2023.

Year

guideline (%)

2023 2.5

2022 1.2

2021 (see below) 0

2020 2.2

2019 1.8

2018 1.8

2017 1.5

2016 2.0

2015 1.6

2014 0.8

2013 2.5

2012 3.1

2011 0.7

2010 2.1

2009 1.8

2008 1.4

2007 2.6

2006 2.1

2005 1.5

2004 2.9

2003 2.9

2002 3.9

2001 2.9

2000 2.6

1999 3.0

1998 3.0

1997 2.8

1996 2.8

1995 2.9

1994 3.2

1993 4.9

1992 6.0

1991 5.

Rent freeze during 2021

The Government of Ontario passed legislation to freeze rent at 2020 levels for 2021. This meant that rents

did not increase in 2021 for most rented units covered under the Residential Tenancies Act, 2006.

 

The rent freeze applied to most tenants living in:

 

rented houses, apartments and condos (including units occupied for the first time for residential purposes

after November 15, 2018)

basement apartments

care homes (including retirement homes)

mobile home parks

land lease communities

rent-geared-to-income units and market rent units in community housing

affordable housing units created through various federally and/or provincially funded programs

While the rent freeze ended on December 31, 2021, landlords could give proper 90 days’ notice beforehand for

a rent increase that takes effect in 2022.

 

Exceptions

Above guideline increases approved by the Landlord and Tenant Board prior to October 1, 2020, could be

applied to 2021 rents. New above guideline increases could still be approved by the Landlord and Tenant Board

and could still be applied to 2021 rents if they were for costs related to eligible capital repairs and security

services, but not if they were for extraordinary increases in municipal taxes and charges.

Tenants and landlords could still agree on rent increases in exchange for an extra service or facility

(for example, air conditioning or parking).

Additional information

For more information on the rent increase guideline, contact the Landlord and Tenant Board:

 

ltb@ontario.ca

416-645-8080

Toll-free: 1-888-332-3234

Resolving issues about rent control

As a tenant or a landlord, you can contact the Landlord and Tenant Board to determine whether a unit is

exempt from the rent increase guideline.

 

To show that a unit is exempt from rent control, landlords can:

 

include an additional term under section 15 of the lease stating that the unit is exempt from the rent increase

guideline keep records that prove the exemption – in case the tenant asks, or there is a dispute

 

New buildings and additions

If there is a dispute about new buildings and additions, the landlord must prove that the building or addition

was first occupied for residential purposes after November 15, 2018.

Landlords might want to keep records, such as:

 

 

 

building permits, permit applications and plans

occupancy permits

new home warranty documents

documents from the builder

New units in existing houses

If there is a dispute about new units in existing houses, the landlord must prove that the new unit was completed after November 15, 2018.

 

The landlord must also prove either:

 

the unit was built in a previously unfinished space like a basement or attic

the owner lived in another part of the house when the new unit was first occupied

Landlords might want to keep records, such as:

 

documents from the builder or invoices from the contractor

“before and after” photographs

building permits, permit applications and plans

 

 

 

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